If you’ve read my previous post on Plant Hunting in the 21st Century, well, don’t be surprised, this is a different kind of Plant Hunt!
Organised by the Botanical Society Britain and Ireland, aka BSBI, the New Year’s Day Plant Hunt, now in its third year, is quite simple in principle.
These were the rules:
1. Pick one day between 28th December and 1st January, when the weather is decent enough to record in.
2. Record wild and naturalised plants (but not planted) in flower.
3. Record for up to 3 hours.
4. Email details (number of species, time and location) to Tim or Sarah.
This is quite straight-forward botanical recording, but with a twist!
First of all, it is done at an unconventional time of the year – well into winter, this should be a time of frosted leaves and dead herbs waiting for the spring to be reborn from seeds.
Secondly, it only records plants in flower, whereas traditional recording is not as restrictive. Thirdly, it is limited in time, introducing a very fun competition between botanists to see who will record the most plants! And finally, it is very interactive : observations could be recorded traditionally and sent by e-mail, but also shared on social media, Facebook or Twitter. See?
I have moved again, this time to London…While the city’s pavements and gardens flora is not the most spectacular to be found, a botanist can easily be amazed by a tiny moss growing on a brick wall, or a “weed” growing under a plant pot. So what did I find?
As you might know, the autumn and winter here have been wet and warm. We have not had any real frost or snow, and it is still 10°C late in the evening. This means that many summer plants have continued growing, flowering and fruiting with no real interruption (which suits gardeners just fine…Pelargoniums are still blooming on balconies!).
Along the Thames Path, in neglected flower beds, I spotted these Black Nightshade (Solanum nigrum, a distant relative of potato and tomato) - normally flowering in July-September:
Urban environments are heavily concreted, but herbaceous plants are full of resources, and can take advantage of tiny cracks in fences or paving to grow. In my street, the pink-flowered Geranium robertianum (Herb-robert) growing under a fence; and in Notting Hill, Yellow Corydalis (Pseudofumaria lutea) enjoying the heat coming from a lower ground flat…
Alongside summer-flowering plants which are making the most of the weather to extend their growing season, there are all-year flowering plants like the Shepherd’s-purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris) but also spring-flowering plants which thought they could do well a little early (here Mercurialis perennis, or dog’s mercury on a car park – quite far from its typical woodland habitat!):
Obviously, I did only record in the South-East (London & my workplace near Guildford)…so what were the global UK results? They’re on BSBI’s excellent blog, but here is a quick summary:
- 221 different species were observed in flower over 32 counties, 3/4 of which were native.
- the infamous Groundsel (Senecio vulgaris – as seen in my gorgeous picture, ahem) was the most recorded plant, followed by daisy (Bellis perennis) and dandelion (Taraxacum sp.)
- almost 50% of the species were recorded once in flower – so local conditions & genetics probably have a great influence.
- more plants were found flowering in the South; and overall there were also more in urban environments (the so-called heat island).
- less than 4% of the recorded species were spring-flowering plants…
So please, journalists, stop telling us it’s an “early spring”…cold winter weather is only just on its way!
If you have missed the New Year’s Day Plant Hunt in 2013, don’t worry, I’m sure there will be a new one in 2014, and who knows, maybe an Easter Day Plant Hunt?!
In the meantime, you don’t have to stop recording the plants that you see, in buds, in leaves, in flower or in fruit – just drop an email to your local County recorders.
Remember, every observation counts, however common the plant is! :-)